Posted by: Lea | August 11, 2008

Roman Gods


Apollo: The son of Jupiter and Leto. He was the God of light, truth, music, healing , muses and an archer with a silver bow. He had a twin sister, Diana. The story is that each day Apollo drove his chariot pulled by fiery horses across the sky to bring light to the world.

Ceres: Daughter of Saturn and Ops, sister to Jupiter, Neptune, Pluto, Juno and Vesta, was goddess of the Earth, agriculture, corn, grain, crops, initiation, civilization, lawgiver and of motherly love. Ceres was the protector of women, motherhood and marriage. She was mother to Proserpine.

Cupid: The son of Venus is another god of love who carries a bow with arrows. Anyone struck by his arrow falls deeply in love.

Diana: Twin to Apollo. She is the Goddess of the Moon, nature, fertility, childbirth, forests/woods, wildwood, animals, mountains, hunters and hunting. Her weapon was the bow with arrows and was the goddess of hunting. She forms a trinity with Egeria the water nymph and Virbius the woodland god.

Janus: God with two faces; one looking back into the past and one looking forward into the future. He was the keeper of the gate of Heaven, god of doorways, gates and beginnings.

Juno: Daughter of Saturn, sister to Jupiter, Neptune and Pluto, wife of Jupiter, mother of Juventas, Mars and Vulcan, is the Queen of the Roman Gods, guardian of the Roman state and finances. She was also the Goddess of women and marriage.

Jupiter: Son of Saturn, grandson of Uranus, brother of Neptune, Pluto and Juno and husband to Juno. He is the god of sky, lightening and thunder and ruler of all the Roman Gods. His trademark is the thunderbolt, which represents thunder and lightening and was feared by all the gods. Jupiter, Neptune and Pluto divided the world into three parts with Jupiter ruling the air, Neptune the sea and Pluto the underworld, home of the dead beneath the Earth. The planet Jupiter is considered the Great Benefic and is associated with opportunities, expansion/growth and wisdom.

Maia is the goddess of growth and mother to Mercury. During the middle ages people would go celebrate the first of May by going to the fields and woods to collect flowers or dance around the maypole.

Mars: Son of Jupiter and Juno. He is the God of War, spring, growth of nature, agriculture, terror, anger, revenge, courage, fertility and the protector of cattle. He is considered the father of Romans because he was father to Romulus, the founder of Rome. The planet Mars  rules the ego and is associated with violence, strength, sexuality and sexual drive.

Mercury: Son of Maia, God of trade, profit, merchants business, science, thieves and travelers. He is also called Quicksilver and is the messenger of the gods. He wears a hat and shoes with wings and carries a staff with two snakes wrapped around it. The planet Mercury rules the mind and all forms of communications (including the internet).

Minerva: Daughter of Jupiter and was the goddess of wisdom, learning, arts, science, medicine, trade and war. She was the protector of commerce, industry and education.

Neptune: Son of Saturn, brother to Jupiter, Pluto and Juno. He was the god of the sea, earthquakes, horses and horse races. He carried a trident and rode a dolphin or a horse. The planet Neptune is associated with dreams, illusions and the collective mind.

Proserpine: Another Earth goddess and daughter of Ceres. She became the goddess of the underworld after Pluto fell in love with her and took her to his underworld kingdom. The story goes that after Pluto took Proserpine to the underworld, Ceres searched for her without success. So Ceres refused to allow plants to grow and people started dying from hunger. Eventually, Pluto confessed that he had Proserpine. He said that Proserpine could return home if she had not eaten any food of the dead. Having eaten only six seeds of the pomegranate, she was allowed to go home six months of each year. When Proserpine returns to her husband after the six months, Ceres stops all plant growth. This is known as winter.

Pluto: God of the underworld and the dead, son of Saturn, brother to Jupiter, Neptune, Cere’s, Juno and Vesta. The belief was that when a person died, they would go to the underworld by crossing the Styx; also know as the River of the Dead. To pay Charon the ferryman, the deceased were buried with a coin. On their journey to the underworld, the dead had to get past a three headed dog called Cerberus, who would only let the dead pass. Then they would approach the Judges of the Dead. Pluto as a planet represents transformation and new beginnings/phases.

Saturn: Son of Uranus, father of Jupiter, Neptune, Pluto, Ceres, Juno and Vesta, is the god of time. Thus he’s also known as Old Father Time. He carries a scythe and was ruler of the gods before Jupiter. The planet Saturn is considered the Great Teacher. It’s associated with limitations, restrictions, self discipline and lessons to be learned.


Uranus: Known as the sky, husband of Gaea the earth, father of Saturn and grandfather of Jupiter. The story is that Uranus and Gaea had a violent argument and ever since the earth and the sky have been apart. The planet Uranus is associated with Originality, the unexpected, sudden changes and inventions.

Venus: Was originally the goddess of gardens and vineyards and later became the goddess of love and beauty. She is the mother of Cupid. The planet Venus rules love, beauty, wealth /luck and values.

Vesta: Daughter of Saturn and Ops, sister to Jupiter, Neptune, Pluto, Ceres and Juna. She is Goddess of fire and hearth. She is the protector of the sacred flame and patron of bakers.

Vulcan: Son of Jupiter and Juno, husband of Venus and Maia and the father of Caeculus. He is the God of fire, blacksmiths and craftsmanship and is the one who made Jupiter’s thunderbolts. Mount Etna is considered his forge and where he smiths.



  1. Very interesting. I knew the Roman’s were polytheists, but I had no idea they had to many deities.

  2. Hi Solomon

    Glad to see you and thank you for coming by. Actually, this list only has some of the most popular and is only a fraction of the total Gods and Goddesses that Romans worshiped.


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